Ever wondered what is the story behind the coffee bean found in the local store that produces that morning kick with whom you start every morning? Well, let us look more closely.
There are five steps in making coffee – growing and picking, milling, drying, parchment removal, and roasting. The coffee bean you are looking at went through all of this. We will talk about the first step.
The coffee bean is the fruit of a COFFEE TREE.
This plant is a flowering plant from the family Rubiaceae. If you want to grow your own coffee you better have patient because in order to produce the coffee bean you are looking for the coffee tree has to be around six years old. The coffee tree lives around 60 years, so you will be satisfied for the most part of your life. When fully grown, the coffee tree reaches up to 4.5 meters in height. Constant pruning is required. The ideal temperature is from 15 to 24 degrees Celsius. The rainfall should be plentiful but also, the coffee tree loves sun (but not the direct sunlight). There is not a specific type of soil needed for the growth of a coffee tree, but it should be porous. If you look from a geographical point of view, the best conditions for growing the coffee tree is South America (probably all of you know that Brazil is the world’s no. 1 coffee producer) and Africa.
The root system is also something very specific when we talk about this tree. The root system has the absorbing surface from 400 to 500 m2, and when combined the roots of the coffee tree can reach up to 25 km in length. This tree will produce fruit without the fertilizer, but, of course, in a modern time where the chemistry has a strong impact combined with botany, for the best yield result, coffee producers usually use fertilizer (they feed the tree every 2 weeks from March to October and then monthly from November to February).